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James A. Garfield’s death changed the system of political patronage.

Assassination of U.S presidents didn’t end with that of President Lincoln because On July 2, 1881, President James A. Garfield was shot twice that’s in the arm and the back the shot out that happened as he entered the old Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station in Washington, D.C. he was a former Ohio congressman, who was en route to Massachusetts to give an Independence Day speech, he had just been a president for just four months at the time of the shooting.

Garfield survived the initial injury caused by the bullet but died two months later from a severe infection. The infection likely was as a result of unsanitary surgical practices as doctors attempted to remove the bullet from his back.

Charles Guiteau is the man who shot Garfield, he was an unsuccessful lawyer and at the same time a preacher who had stalked the president around Washington, D.C., for some weeks before the attack. Months earlier he had officially written a speech on Garfield’s behalf. The speech that was largely ignored, Guiteau formed the delusion that it had been a deciding factor in the president’s victory.

Charles started Seeking patronage for the assistance he had provided to the president, Guiteau insisted asking to be awarded ambassadorship in Paris. Where He turned to revenge when he was denied the post he was whetting for.

The assassination of Garfield by Guiteau, the disgruntled public officer seeker, became the impetus for the Pendleton Civil Service Act. Garfield’s successor, Chester A. Arthur, signed the 1883 act, which reformed the civil service system and established the principle that federal jobs should be awarded based on merit rather than political patronage.

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William McKinley’s assassination created the Secret Service.

William McKinley’s assassination created the Secret Service.

 

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